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初中英语超重要的100个固定短语(含例句), 背完考试再不怕!

也许大家都有过这样的经历:单词都认识,但构成短语往往就不知道是什么意思了。短语和单词一样,都是构成句子的重要成分,都需要大家牢牢掌握。

今天,小编给大家分享初中英语最重要的100个固定短语,每个后面都配有例句,帮助大家更好的掌握其用法!

1.agree with 同意……的意见(想法);符合

Ican’t agree with you about that.

就那件事,我无法同意你的看法。

2.1isten to倾听……

When she arrived,1 was listening to English.

她来的时候,我正在听英语。

3.get to 到达

I get to school at about 7:30 every day,and I get home at 5:00 in the afternoon.

我每天7:30到校,下午5:00到家。

4.fall off (从……) 掉下

Thegirl fell off the bike.

女孩从自行车上摔了下来。

5.knock at/on 敲(门、窗)

There was a heavy knock at the door.

有人在猛烈地敲门。

6.laugh at 嘲笑

It’s not good to 1augh at a person who is in trouble.

讥笑一个陷于困境的人是不对的。

7.1earn…from… 向……学习

Bob,you should learn from your brother.He does well in his homework.

鲍勃,你应该向你哥哥学一学。他的作业完成得很好。

8.1ive on 继续存在;靠……生活

People in my hometown live on rice.

我家乡的人们靠大米为生。

9.1ook after 照顾,照看

I must look after my old grandma when my parents are not at home.

父母不在家时,我必须照顾我的老奶奶.

10.help…with 帮助……做……

My friend helps me with my English study.

我的朋友帮助我学习英语。

11.at the end of 在……的结束时,在……末尾

Weare given an examination at the end of each month.

我们每个月底都有一场考试。

12.be keen on 喜欢,热爱,醉心于……

Iam keen on studying English.

我热心于学习英语。

13.next to 旁边的

Who’s the boy sitting next to you?

坐在你边上的那个男孩是谁?

14.in the middle of 在……中间

Don't put the sand in the middle of the path!

别把沙子倒在路中央。

15.work as 担任,从事

I will study science well and work as a scientist.

我要学好科学,将来做个科学家。

16.be responsible for 为……负责

He was responsible for making plans for the meeting.

他负责做会议计划。

17.pay for 为……付钱,赔偿

We have to pay 345 yuan for the cost of the trip.

我们必须为这次旅行交345元。

18.for free 免费地,无偿地

The website provides English vocabulary to everyone for free.

这个网站免费向每一个人提供英语词汇。

19.try one’s best 竭尽所能;尽力,尽自己最大努力

Students ought to try their best to learn all subjects well.

学生应该尽力学好每一门功课。

20.believe in 信仰,信任

We do not believe in God.

我们不相信上帝。

21.keep fit 保持健康

We must do sports to keep fit.

我们必须参加体育锻炼,保持身体健康。

22.get on well 和睦相处

We all get on well with eachother here in the schoo1.

我们大家在学校里都和睦相处。

23.the same…as 和……同样的

I feel the same as you.

我与你有同样的感受。

24.no longer 不再,己不,不复,再也不

He has been a famous musician for a long time, but he plays nolonger.

他成为有名的音乐家已很久了,但他现在不演奏了。

25.instead of 代替……,而不……

They must go out and play balls instead of staying at home.

他们必须走出去打打球,而不是呆在家里。

26. get away 走开,离开逃走

I hope to get away early in the morning.

我希望一早就动身离开。

27.break…down 打破,损坏

The robbers broke the door down.

强盗们把门砸开了。

28. in addition to 除……之外(还)……

She can speak French and Japanese in addition to English.

除英语外,她还会讲法语和日语。

29.be angry with 生(某人)的气

My teacher was angry with me because 1 was late for schoo1.

我的老师对我很生气,因为我上学迟到了。

30.happen to 碰巧

I happened to meet a friend of mine in the street yesterday.

昨天我碰巧在街上遇到了我的一个朋友。

31.be unaware of 没有警觉到

He seemed to be unaware ofthe trouble he was causing.

他似乎还没有警觉到自己惹起的麻烦。

32.depend on 依靠

My success depends on myfriends’help.

我的成功是依靠我的朋友们的帮助。

33.for the time being 暂且,眼下

She’staying with her aunt for the timebeing.

她暂时住在她姨妈那里。

34.be pleased with 对……感到满意

We are sure you will be pleased with ourproducts.

我们确信您会对我们的产品感到满意的。

35.Take chargeof 负责照料,承办,掌管

My mother tries to take charge of everything in our shop.

母亲试图管理商店里的所有事务。

36.break into 闯入,强行进入,破门而入

We had to break into thehouse as we had lost the key.

因为我们弄丢了钥匙,所以不得不破门而入。

37.make mistakes 犯错误

A computer sometimes willmake mistakes.

电脑有时候也会犯错误。

38.rush down 冲下来,冲过去

When it rains heavily,water can rush down the sides of mountains.

如果雨下得很大,雨水就能顺着山冲下来。

39.make jokesabout 开玩笑,取笑某人

They make jokes about my oldhat.

他们就我的旧帽子取笑我。

40.along with 和……一起,随着,除……以外(还)

The boy came along with his parents and visited the museum.

那个男孩与父母一道参观了博物馆。

41.succeed in 在某方面取得成功

At last he succeeded inclimbing up the difficult mountain.

他终于成功地登上了这座难以攀登的山峰。

42.be made of 由……制成(看得见原材料)

The desk is made of wood.

这张桌子是由木头制成的。

43.be made from 由……制成(看不见原材料)

Wine can be made from rice,sweet potato,wheat and grape

酒可以用大米、番薯、小麦、葡萄制成。

44.feel like 想要

She really feels like havinga talk with him about his study at schoo1.

她的确想和他谈一下他在学校的学习情况。

45.take care of 照顾,爱护

P1ease take care of the babyfor me for a while,will you?

请替我照顾一下这孩子,好吗?

46.trade in 做买卖

They trade in their carevery three years.

他们每隔三年就以1[3汽车贴换新车。

47.in no time 很快

He’11 be back in no time.

他很快就会回来。

48.sell out 卖完

He decided to sell out allthe clothes in his shop cheaply.

他决定便宜卖掉店里的所有服装。

49.take pleasure in 从……中所获得乐趣

Mary takes pleasure inwatching TV for one hour every day.

玛丽以每天看1小时电视为乐。

50.a11 one’s life 一辈子

He lived in the countryside a11 his life.他一辈子都生活在乡下。

51.start off 以……开始,出发;开始

They start off early,so that they can catch the train.

他们出发得早,可以赶上火车。

52.complain about 抱怨

You’ve got nothing to complain about.

你没什么可抱怨的。

53.take off 脱掉,(飞机等)起飞

Take off your hat.It doesn’t fit you.

取下你的帽子,它不适合你。

54.right away 马上

It’s getting late.Please excuse me,but I must leave right away.

时间不早了。对不起,我得赶紧走了。

55.in return 作为回报

He gave her some roses in returnfor her kindness.

他送了她一些玫瑰以答谢她的好意。

56.shout at 大声说话,大声喊叫

Don’t shout at me.Allow me to explain.

别对我大吼大叫。让我解释嘛。

57.come back 回来

It doesn’t matter when you’llcome back.

你什么时候回来都没关系。

58.be used to(doing something) 习惯……

He is used to getting upearly.

他习惯了早起。

59.have the ability to 具备……的能力

I don’t have the ability todo the job well.

我不具备做好这项工作的能力。

60.be free from 摆脱,免于

We must be free from theheavy homework.

我们必须从繁重的作业中解脱出来。

61.as 1ong as 如果,只要,既然

As long as it doesn’t rain,we can go.

只要不下雨,我们就可以去。

62.apply for 申请,请求

He applied for a job in the supermarket.

他申请超市的一份工作。

63.get upset 难过

Don’t get upset.It’s not your fault.

别难过,不是你的错。

64.be prepared to do 准备……

You must be prepared lo workhard!

你必须认真准备工作。

65.keep…from 阻止

The heavy rain kept us from coming on time.

大雨使我们没有及时到来。

66.give up 放弃

We should give up smoking in order to keep healthy.

为了健康我们必须戒烟。

67.know of 熟悉,了解

I don’t know the writer,hut I know of him.

我不认识这个作家,但我了解他。

68.put out 扑灭

At last firemen have put out a big forest fire in California.

消防队员终于扑灭了加利福尼亚洲的一场森林大火。

69.from then on 从那时起

From then on she knew she wouldwin.

她从那时起就知道自己会得胜。

70.be strict with 严格要求

You should be strict with yourselves and spend 1ess time on playinggames and more on study.

你应该严格要求自己,少玩游戏多学习。

71.fall ill 生病

She have to stay home because her son fall ill.

因为儿子生病,所以她得待在家里。

72.be grateful to 感谢,感激

This is Teacher’s Day and a time to be grateful to all teachers.

今天是教师节,也是向所有教师致谢的日子。

73.at the age of 在……年纪(岁数)

In Britain,people get to the vote at the ageof 18.

在英国,人们到十八岁有选举权。

74.in place of 代替

I will go to this meeting inplace of you.

我会代替你去参加这次会议。

75.be curious about 对……感到好奇

It is good to be curious aboutthe world around you.

对你周围的世界感到新奇是件好事。

76.lead to 导致

Too much work and too littlerest often lead to illness.

过量的工作和过少的休息会引起疾病。

77.be tired of 感到厌倦

I am tired of waiting.

我等厌烦了。

78.set up 建立,建造,创立,竖立

People plan to set up somenew factories here.

人们计划在这里开办一些新工厂。

79.search for 搜索,搜寻

After he felt better,he searched for work at thedifferent factories.

他感到好些后,就在各工厂找工作。

80.It takes sb. some time to do sth.

花费某人多少时间做某事。

It took me half an hour todo the work.

完成这项工作花了我半个小时。

81.It’s nice/kind of sb.to do… 某人做某事太好了

It’s kind of you to give meso much help.

给予我这么大的帮助,你真是太好了。

82.There is no space (room) to stand in.

没有站的地方或空间

83.1ook up 查阅

Look up the words in the dictionary when you don’t know what they mean.

不知道单词的意思,就要查阅字典。

84.hear from 收到来信

We are happy to hear from my father,although he is far away from home.

虽然父亲远离家里,但是我们很开心能收到他的来信。

85.mistake…for 误把……当作……

I often mistake him for histwin brother.

我经常误把他当作他的同胞弟弟。

86.thanks to 多亏……,因为……

Thanks to the Great GreenWall,they can growa lot more cotton than before.

多亏有了绿色长城,现在他们种的棉花比以前多得多了。

87.make friends with 与……交朋友

The students make friends with one another and usually get on well.

学生们相互交朋友,通常相处得很好。

88.because of 由于……

Because of his carelessness,he lost his money on the way home.

由于粗心大意,在回家的路上他把钱丢了。

89.be good/bad for 对……有好处/有害

Reading books in the sun isbad for your eyes.

在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好。

90.be supposed to do … 应该/被要求干……

Students are supposed tostudy hard.

学生应该好好学习。

91.bother sb. to do sth. 打扰某人做某事

I’m sorry to bother you,but can you tell me the way to thestation?

我十分抱歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站吗?

92.call sb. sth. 叫某人......

We all call him old Wang.

我们都称他老王。

93.care about 关心

Don’t you care about this country’s future?

难倒你不关心国家的未来吗?

94.catch up with sb. 赶上某人

My English is poor and I can’t catch up with my classmates.

我的英语太差,我赶不上班上的同学。

95.come up with 提出,想出

Can you come up with a goodidea?

你能想出一个好办法吗?

96.escape from 从……逃跑

The prisoners have escaped from the prison.

犯人从监狱里逃跑出来。

97.have fun doing 玩得高兴

I don’t know if mum has anyfun doing housework every day.

我不知道妈妈每天做家务是否开心。

98.have…(时间)off 放……假

People have two days offevery week.

人们每个星期有两天的假。

99.how do you like = what do you think of你对什么的看法

How do you like the movie?

你对这部电影有什么看法?

100.in one’s opinion 某人认为

In my opinion,there are more.and more cars and they may do harm to our city.

在我看来,越来越多的汽车对我们的城市不利。
2019年原创资源大赛