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备考冲刺 | 2019中考英语真题专练--动词语态(含解析)

■ 含语态提示词by

1. (2018曲靖)—Do you like the famous basketball star Kobe?

—Yes, I really like him. He ________ by many people around the world.

A. admire B. admires

C. is admired D. is admiring

2. (2018湘潭)The telephone ________ by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.

A. was invented B. is invented C. invented

3.(2018丹东)With the development of China, Chinese ________ by a large number of people in the world.

A. speaks B. is spoken

C. speak D. is speaking

4. (2018黄石)—Why does the earth look blue in space?

—Because most of the earth's surface ________ by ocean.

A. covers B. is covered

C. cover D. are covered

5.—Why the restaurant ________ to close by government?

—Because of its high prices on food. Businessmen must be honest, you know.

A. will be asked B. was asked C. is asked

6. (2018株洲)Artemisinin ________ by Tu Youyou, a great Chinese scientist.

A. was invented B. invented C. has invented

■ 无语态提示词

7. (2018河北)Emily is glad that she________ for her honesty at that meeting.

A. praises B. praised

C. is praised D. was praised

8. (2018广东)He Jiang ________ to give a speech at the graduation ceremony at Harvard University last month.

A. invites B. invited

C. is invited D. was invited

9. (2018成都)You are not supposed to go to a family party unless you ________ to in the US.

A. are not invited B. are invited C. will be invited

10. (2018青岛)Children should ________ to be honest from a young age.

A. educate B. be educated

C. punish D. be punished

11.Tom is always careless with his schoolwork. Could you help him?

No problem! I think he________ to think twice before starting.

A. should be told B. can tell

C. should tell D. can be telling

12. (2018临沂)Now all Chinese couples ________ to have two children.

A. allow B. allowed

C. are allowed D. were allowed

13. (2018扬州)—Have you finished your report on green life?

—Not yet. I'll make it if I ________ another two days.

A. give B. am given

C. will give D. will be given

14. (2018乐山)To my surprise, I ________ from hundreds of students to speak to teachers, parents and fellow students.

A. was chosen B. would choose C. chose

15. (2018郴州)—What happened to Billy?

—He ________ because of his drunk­driving.

A. is caught B. was caught C. has caught

16. (2018齐齐哈尔)Tourists________ because of their impolite behavior in our country from now on.

A. will punish B. will be punished C. is punishing

17. (2018北京)A new road ________ near my school next year.

A. builds B. will build

C. is built D. will be built

18. (2018天津)Paper ________ first ________ about 2,000 years ago in China.

A. is; creating B. is; created

C. has; created D. was; created

19. (2018重庆A卷)Students do less homework now. Usually it________ before 9 o'clock in the evening.

A. finishes B. finished

C. is finished D. was finished

20. (2018重庆B卷)—Mom, where is my model plane?

—Oh, it ________ to Jenny yesterday.

A. is lent B. lends C. was lent D. lent

21. (2018河南)We are going to take the high­speed train to Xi'an tomorrow, so an early arrival at the station ________.

A. advises B. is advised

C. is advising D. was advised

22. (2018安徽)When the baby dog________, it was very hungry. So we gave it some food.

A. is found B. was found

C. has been found D. will be found

23. (2018陕西)Football ________ to our school subjects last year.

A. is added B. adds C. was added D. added

24. (2018 江西)I plan to build an unusual house. It ________ out of old things.

A. is built B. has built

C. was built D. will be built

25. (2018南京)It's reported that Jiangsu Grand Theatre ________ in September this year.

A. completes B. is completed

C. will complete D. will be completed

26. (2018长沙)Now smart phones ________ in many ways in our daily life.

A. are used B. is used C. are using

27. (2018泰安)More chances ________ for students to learn from each other if working in groups.

A.provide B.are provided

C.provided D.will provide

28. (2018盐城)In Switzerland, things like glass and plastic ________ into different groups and then recycled.

A. separate B. separated

C. are separated D. is separated

29. (2018巴中)As far as I know, tea plants ________ on the sides of mountains.

A. are growed B. are grown C. grow

30. (2018广安)—You speak Chinese very well, Sam.

—Thanks. Chinese is very popular. It________ widely in the world.

A. speaks B. is spoke

C. was spoken D. is spoken

31. (2018泸州)Every year many trees ________ along the streets to make our city more beautiful.

A. plant B. have planted

C. are planted D. were planted

32. (2018随州)—Waiter, I'd like some Ningbo Dumplings.

—Sorry, sir. Ningbo Dumplings________ only for lunch and dinner.

A. serve B. served

C. are served D. are serving

33. (2018十堰)A year has four seasons and it ________ twelve months.

A. divided into B. is dividing into

C. was divided into D. is divided into

34.—Aunt Li, who is the pretty girl in red in the picture?

—It's my daughter. The picture ________ 10 years ago.

A. took B. is taken C. has taken D. was taken

35. (2018西宁)—I want to borrow the book, but I don't know how long it may________.

—For two weeks.

A. borrow B. be borrowed

C. keep D. be kept

36. (2018泰州)Lunar Probe(月球探测器) Chang'e­5 ________ into space this year. It will land on the moon and return with lunar samples(样品).

A. sends B. will be sent

C. will send D. is sent

动词语态:

1. C【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意“你喜欢著名篮球明星科比吗?”“是的,我非常喜欢他。他被全世界很多人崇拜。”根据语境可知用一般现在时,同时科比“被”崇拜,用被动语态,故选C。

2. A【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意:电话是在1876年被亚历山大·格雷厄姆·贝尔发明的。根据时间状语“in 1876”可知本句描述的是过去发生的动作,故用一般过去时。The telephone与invent之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系,应用被动语态。故选A。

3. B【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:随着中国的发展,汉语被全世界很多人讲。“汉语”和“讲”之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,且根据语境可知用一般现在时,故选B。

4. B【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意“为什么地球在太空中看起来是蓝色的?”“因为地球表面大部分都被海洋覆盖着。”主语“most of the earth's surface”为第三人称单数,符合客观事实,且是动作承受者,需用一般现在时的被动语态。故选B。

5. B【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意“为什么这家饭店被政府要求关闭?”“因为食物价格太高。商人必须诚实,你知道的。”根据句意,这家饭店是过去被关掉的,用一般过去时的被动语态。故选B。

6. A【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意:青蒿素是被一名伟大的中国科学家屠呦呦发明的。主语Artemisinin与谓语动词invent之间是动宾关系,故用被动语态。根据句意可知,本句是一般过去时。故选A。

7. D【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意:艾米丽很高兴在那个会议上她因为诚实受到表扬。由句意可知,主语she与谓语动词praise之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系,由此可知本题应该使用被动语态。再根据关键词“at that meeting”可知应使用一般过去时。故选D。

8. D【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意:何江上个月被邀请在哈佛大学毕业典礼上做演讲。何江和邀请之间存在动宾关系,且根据时间状语“last month”可知应该用一般过去时的被动语态。故选D。

9. B【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:在美国,除非你被邀请,否则你不应该去参加家庭聚会。根据常识,除非你受到邀请,否则你不应该参加家庭聚会,从句应为肯定句;unless引导的条件状语从句用一般现在时表将来。故选B。

10. B【解析】考查含情态动词的被动语态。句意:孩子们应该从小被教育要诚实。根据下文“be honest”可知此处指对孩子们进行教育。“Children”与谓语动词之间为动宾关系,应用被动语态。故选B。

11. A【解析】考查含情态动词的被动语态。句意“汤姆对他的功课总是很粗心。你能帮助他吗?”“没问题!我认为他应该被告知要三思而后行。”结合语境可知本句主语是动作的承受者,用被动语态。故选A。

12. C【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:现在所有中国夫妻可以被允许有两个孩子。分析句子结构可知,主语“all Chinese couples”与谓语动词之间为动宾关系,故用被动语态;又由时间状语“Now”可知用一般现在时。故选C。

13. B【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意“你完成了关于绿色生活的报告了吗?”“还没有。如果再给我两天时间我就可以完成了。”根据句子结构可知,第二句的主语I应为动作give的承受者,所以应使用被动语态。此处是if引导条件状语从句,遵循“主将从现”。故选B。

14. A【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意:令我吃惊的是,从数百名学生中我被选出在老师、父母和同学们面前发言。分析句子可知,I和choose之间为动宾关系;又因为句子时态为一般过去时。故选A。

15. B【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意“比利出什么事了?”“他因为酒驾被抓了。”句子的主语和谓语动词之间是动宾关系,应用被动语态;问句用的是一般过去时,答语也要用一般过去时。故选B。

16. B【解析】考查一般将来时的被动语态。句意:从现在起,在我们的国家,游客会因为他们的不文明行为被惩罚。根据语境,有不文明行为的游客将被惩罚,应使用一般将来时的被动语态,谓语结构will be +过去分词。故选B。

17. D【解析】考查一般将来时的被动语态。句意:明年,一条新公路将在我的学校附近被修建。根据A new road与谓语动词build之间构成动宾关系,可知本题应用被动语态。再根据关键词next year可知应使用一般将来时。故选D。

18. D【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意:纸大约在2000年前在中国首先被创造出来。句子的主语“纸”与谓语“创造”之间是动宾关系,应用被动语态,由句中的时间状语“2,000 years ago”可知本句是一般过去时,故选D。

19. C【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:现在学生的家庭作业少了。它常常在晚上9点前被完成。根据句意及now可知此处表示现在的状态,应该用一般现在时。主语it与finish之间为动宾关系,应该用被动语态。故选C。

20. C【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意“妈妈,我的飞机模型在哪儿?”“哦,昨天它被借给珍妮了。”根据时间状语“yesterday”可知用一般过去时,排除A、B项。主语是动作承受者,用被动语态。故选C。

21. B【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:我们明天将要乘高铁去西安,因此建议早早到达车站。early arrival与advise是动宾关系,故用被动语态。结合语境可知此处用一般现在时的被动语态。故选B。

22. B【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意:当那个小狗被发现时,它很饿。因此我们给了它一些食物。从主句为过去时态知,从句也应用相应的过去时态表达。故选B。

23. C【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意:去年,足球被加入了我们学校的科目。根据时间状语“last year”可知本句为一般过去时。谓语动词与主语存在动宾关系,应用被动语态。故选C。

24. D【解析】考查一般将来时的被动语态。句意:我打算建造一所不寻常的房子。它将由旧东西建成。后句的主语It与谓语动词build之间是动宾关系,故用被动语态。根据前句中的plan可知,建造房子这个动作还没发生,故判断后句用一般将来时。故选D。

25. D【解析】考查一般将来时的被动语态。句意:据报道江苏大剧院在今年9月份被建成。由语境可知大剧院是被完成,所以句子要用被动语态;同时根据时间状语“in September this year”可知句子用一般将来时。故选D。

26. A【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:现在智能手机在我们的日常生活中被用在许多方面。分析句子结构可知,主语smart phones与谓语动词use之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系,应用被动语态;主语smart phones是复数名词,be动词用are,故选A。

27. B【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:如果小组学习,那么更多相互学习的机会会被提供给学生们。分析句子结构可知,主语“More chances”与谓语动词“provide”之间为动宾关系,故用被动语态。故选B。

28. C【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:在瑞士,像玻璃和塑料这样的东西被分成不同的组然后回收。由于句子的主语是复数名词“things”,且“things”与动词“separate”之间是动宾关系,因此应该使用“are separated”。故选C。

29. B【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:据我所知,茶树被种植在山的两侧。tea plants和grow之间是动宾关系,即“茶树被种植”。故选B。

30. D【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意“萨姆,你的汉语说得非常好。”“谢谢,汉语是非常流行的。它在全世界被广泛说。”联系常识,现在汉语在全世界被广泛说,it作主语代替Chinese,与谓语动词speak构成被动关系,应用一般现在时的被动语态,故选D。31. C【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:为了让我们的城市更加漂亮,每年很多树被沿街种植。从“Every year”可知,本句应该使用一般现在时;“many trees”和“plant”之间是动宾关系,应该使用被动语态。故选C。

32. C【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意“服务员,我想吃宁波汤圆。”“对不起,先生。宁波汤圆只有午餐和晚餐提供。”Ningbo Dumplings 和serve之间为动宾关系,故此处应使用被动语态。故选C。

33. D【解析】考查一般现在时的被动语态。句意:一年有四季,并被分为十二个月。并列连词and前后的两个分句时态要一致,又因为主语it是动作divide into的承受者,要用被动语态。故选D。

34. D【解析】 考查一般过去时的被动语态。句意“李阿姨,照片上穿红色衣服的漂亮女孩是谁啊?”“是我女儿。这个照片是在10年前照的。”根据时间状语“10 years ago”可知,要用一般过去时;又因本句主语是The picture,是take动作的承受者,要用被动语态。故选D。

35. D【解析】考查含情态动词的被动语态。句意“我想借这本书,但是我不知道它可以被拿多久。”“两周。”分析句子结构可知此处应用被动语态,再结合句意及句中的“how long”可知应用延续性动词。故选D。

36. B【解析】考查一般将来时的被动语态。句意:嫦娥5号月球探测器将于今年被发送至太空。它将在月球着陆并且带着月球样本回归。从后句“It will land on the moon”可知,嫦娥5号月球探测器还没有发射,因此本句应使用一般将来时。由于“探测器”与“发射”之间是动宾关系,因此为被动语态。故选B。
2019年原创资源大赛