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备考冲刺 | 2019中考英语真题专练--复合句(含解析)

命题点一 宾语从句

3. 语序 4. 三者混合1. 引导词 2. 时态

■ 引导词

1. (2018天津)—Could you tell me ________ you'll go to Paris?

—Next month.

A. why B. where C. when D. how

2. (2018南京)—Are you going camping this afternoon?

—A typhoon is coming. I'm not sure ________ the road to the mountains will be closed.

A. which B. what C. whether D. why

3. (2018安徽)—Look at the stone bridge! Do you know

________it was built?

—In the 1860s. It is quite old.

A. when B. how C. where D. why

4. (2018曲靖)When you set out on your new journey, you shouldn't forget ________ you came from.

A. where B. what C. when D. if

5. (2018绥化)I don't know ________ he will come or not this afternoon.

A. if B. when C. whether

■ 引导词、语序与时态混合

6. (2018北京)—Can you tell me ________?

—He lives in Shanghai.

A. where Mark lives

B. where does Mark live

C. where Mark lived

D. where did Mark live

7. (2018重庆A卷)—Do you know________?

—Let me see. I remember it was on March 18th.

A. why did they move here

B. why they moved here

C. when did they move here

D. when they moved here

8. (2018河北)I'm planning a trip to the beach tomorrow, but still can't decide ________.

A. where I'm going

B. how I'm going

C. why I'm planning

D. when I'm planning

9. (2018河南)—What did Tom say to you just now, John?

—He asked ________.

A. why I am so happy today

B. what will I do for the weekend

C. who did I play football with after school

D. if I could go to the movie with him tonight

10. (2018广东)—I wonder ________.

—It will fall on a Saturday.

A. how will National Day fall on this year

B. how National Day will fall on this year

C. what day will National Day fall on this year

D. what day National Day will fall on this year

11. (2018武汉)—What did the teacher say to you?

—He asked me ________.

A. why I look unhappy then

B. when did I go home last night

C. how could I solve the problem

D. if I had got everything ready

12. (2018南宁)—Could you please tell me ________?

—At 8:00 pm.

A. when will the train leave

B. when the train will leave

C. where the train will go

D. where will the train go

( )13. (2018兰州)What a lovely toy race car! Could you

please tell me ________?

A. why did you get it

B. when will you get it

C. where you got it

D. how will you get it

14. (2018成都)—Could you tell me________?

—My life is not what it used to be.

A. what you think of yourself

B. how you like your present life

C. what your life is like after you became famous

15. (2018哈尔滨)—Look at the man in blue! Do you

know________?

—Oh, he is a policeman.

A. what does he do

B. what he does

C. how he does

16. (2018呼和浩特)There are so many foggy days recently. We all wonder ________.

A. how is the air polluted

B. why the air is seriously polluted

C. what can we do to prevent that bad weather

D. what are the real reasons

17. (2018连云港)—What did Max just say to you?

—He asked me ________.

A. if I would like to go skating

B. when did I buy this CD

C. where I will spend the weekend

D. that I had a good time

( )18. (2018青岛)—Excuse me. Could you tell me ________

about the local history and culture?

—Of course. You can check it on this computer.

A. how can I get the information

B. what information did I get

C. where I can get the information

D. that I got the information

命题点二 定语从句

关系词的判断:

①that作主语、宾语,先行词是人或物。

②which作主语、宾语,先行词是物。

③who作主语、宾语/whom作宾语,先行词是人。

④whose作定语,先行词是人或物。

⑤只能使用that的特殊情况。

1. (2018河南)Theaters may have a brighter future if they can provide a movie experience ________ people cannot get at home.

A. thatB. who C. whom D. what

2. (2018广东)Great changes have taken place in our city in the past ten years. Everything ________ comes into sight is so new to me.

A. that B. which C. who D. whom

3. (2018南宁)I don't like the people ________ don't help others when they are in trouble.

A. who B. which C. whose D. what

4. (2018兰州)This is one of the most interesting cities ________ I have ever visited.

A. who B. that C. which D. where

5. (2018青海)QQ is a tool ________ is mainly used for people to talk to others online.

A. which B. who C. where

6. (2018呼和浩特)Being blind is something ________ most people can't imagine.

A. 不填 B. what C. who D. which

7. (2018临沂)Sweet wormwood(青蒿) is a common plant in China. Tu Youyou is the woman________ used the plant's special power to save millions of lives.

A. which B. who C. whose D. /

8. (2018滨州)—Which song do you like better, Maria?

—I prefer the song Manual of Youth ________ is sung by TFBOYS.

A. which B. who C. whom D. where

9. (2018天水)My grandparents still live in that old village ________ the local government has decided to keep.

A. which B. where C. when D. what

10. (2018十堰)Shiyan is one of the best places ________ people would like to visit.

A. that B. which C. where D. who

11. (2018玉林)—What kind of TV show do you prefer?

—I like the ones ________ make me laugh.

A. who B. whom C. that D. what

12. (2018绵阳)I prefer movies ________ me something to think about.

A. which gives B. that gives

C. that give D. who give

专项训练十五 复合句

命题点一 宾语从句

1. C【解析】考查宾语从句的引导词。句意“你能告诉我你将去巴黎吗?”“下个月。”根据答语“Next month”可知问的是时间,故选C。

2. C【解析】考查宾语从句的引导词。句意“今天下午你去野营吗?”“台风就要来了。我不确定到山里的路会关闭。”由“not sure”可知不确定是否道路会关闭。故选C。

3. A【解析】考查宾语从句的引导词。句意“看这座石头桥!你知道它是建立的吗?”“在19世纪60年代,它非常古老。”根据答语“In the 1860s.”可知,上句是询问时间。故选A。

4. A【解析】考查宾语从句的引导词。句意:当你开始一段新的旅程,你不应该忘记你来自。根据语境可知此处表示地点,用where,故选A。

5. C【解析】考查宾语从句的引导词。句意:我想要知道他今天下午回来。本题考查whether...or not表示“是否”,故选C。

6. A【解析】考查宾语从句的用法。句意“你能告诉我?”“他住在上海。”宾语从句用陈述句语序,所以排除B、D项,分析答语可知用一般现在时,故选A。

7. D【解析】考查宾语从句的引导词及语序。句意“你知道吗?”“让我想想。我记得是在3月18日。”宾语从句应使用陈述句语序,排除A、C项;根据答语可知询问时间,故选D。8. B【解析】考查宾语从句的用法。句意:我正在计划明天的沙滩旅行,但是一直决定不了。分析前句给出了旅游的时间和地点并结合选项可知缺少此次旅游的方式,故选B。

9. D【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“约翰,刚才汤姆对你说了什么?”“他问。” 宾语从句用陈述句语序,故排除B、C项。主句是一般过去时,从句应使用过去的某种时态。故选D。

10. D【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“我想知道。”“它将会在一个星期六。”宾语从句应用陈述句语序,先排除A、C项;根据后面的答语推测询问具体在哪天。故选D。

11. D【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你的老师给你说什么了?”“他问我。”宾语从句中应用陈述句语序,故排除B、C两项。宾语从句中的主句为一般过去时,从句也应为过去的某种时态,故选D。

12. B【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“请你告诉我?”“下午8点钟。”宾语从句用陈述句语序,排除A、D,根据答语可知是询问时间,故选B。

13. C【解析】考查宾语从句。句意:多么可爱的玩具赛车啊!你能告诉我?宾语从句要用陈述句语序。故选C。

14. C【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“你能告诉我?”“我的生活跟过去不一样了。”根据答语“我的生活跟过去不一样了”可知问句应询问过去和现在两种生活的不同。故选C。

15. B【解析】考查宾语从句的引导词和语序。句意“看那个穿蓝色衣服的男士,你知道?”“哦,他是一位警察。”宾语从句要用陈述句语序,排除A;再结合回答可知询问职业。应用what。故选B。

16. B【解析】考查宾语从句的引导词及语序。句意:最近这些天都多雾。我们都想知道。宾语从句语序应为陈述句语序,再结合句意可知是表达“想知道为什么空气受到了严重污染”。故选B。

17. A【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“刚才麦克斯跟你说了什么?”“他问我。”宾语从句使用陈述句语序,故排除B项。从句中的时态要与主句保持一致,主句是一般过去时,从句中也应使用过去某种时态,故排除C项。根据语境可知从句应是问句形式,故选A。

18. C【解析】考查宾语从句。句意“打扰了。你能告诉我关于本地历史和文化吗?”“当然了。你可以在这个电脑上查查。”宾语从句为陈述句语序,故排除A、B两项;又根据答语可知选C。

命题点二 定语从句

1. A【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意:如果剧院可以给人们提供在家里得不到的观影体验,或许他们会有更好的未来。先行词为a movie experience,指“物”,关系代词用which或that。故选A。

2. A【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意:在过去的10年里,我们的城市发生了很大的变化。映入眼帘的一切对于我都是新的。 先行词是不定代词Everything,关系代词只能用that。故选A。

3. A【解析】考查定语从句。句意:我不喜欢那些当人处于困境时不帮助他人的人。修饰先行词people,且在从句中作主语,用who引导,故选A。

4. B【解析】考查定语从句。句意:这是我参观过的最有趣的城市之一。先行词为物,排除A、D 项;因为前面有最高级修饰所以只能用that。故选B。

5. A【解析】考查定语从句。句意:QQ是一种主要被人们用于和其他人在线交谈的工具。先行词是tool,关系代词用which。故选A。

6. A【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意:看不见是大多数人无法想象的。先行词是不定代词something,应用that引导,又因其在从句中作宾语,可省略。故选A。

7. B【解析】考查定语从句。句意:在中国,青蒿是一种普通的植物。屠呦呦是使用这种植物的特殊功效来拯救数以百万计人生命的那位女士。分析句子结构可知,第二句是定语从句,缺少关系词作从句的主语。根据空格前先行词“the woman”可知选B。

8. A【解析】考查定语从句关系词的用法。句意“玛丽亚,你比较喜欢哪首歌?”“我更喜欢TFBOYS唱的《青春修炼手册》。”先行词是Manual of Youth,指物,且在从句中作主语,故选A。

9. A【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意:我的祖父母依然居住在那个当地政府已经决定把它留下来的古老的村庄里。先行词为village,且从句中keep后缺少宾语,故空格处需要有关系代词指物,故用which。故选A。

10. A【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意:十堰是人们想要游览的最好的地方之一。先行词被形容词最高级修饰时要用that,故选A。

11. C【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意“你更喜欢哪种电视节目?”“我喜欢让我笑的节目。”句子中的先行词为the ones, 引导定语从句要用关系代词that。故选C。

12. C【解析】考查定语从句的用法。句意:我比较喜欢引人深思的电影。先行词为movies,故关系代词应为that或which,所以排除D;先行词movies为复数形式,所以从句中后面的谓语动词也应用复数形式,故选C。
2019年原创资源大赛